This review presents updated information gathered on scientifically proved medicinal plants used for anti-fertility activity. This study provides the information on botanical name, family, parts used, solvents used and their chemical constituents present in plants. In spite of rapid progress and spread of modern medicine and surgery, faith in and popularity of traditional methods has not decreased. There are a large number of studies which supports the anti-fertility effects of traditional herbal medicines. The aim of this review is to highlight the work on anti-fertility of plant origin. The present paper also involves various plant drugs and their bioactive extracts involved in anti-fertility mechanism. This article may help investigators to identify medicinal plants responsible for anti-fertility activity.